I assume by 'Rothenburg' you mean Rothenburg Ob der Tauber
I'm also going to assume that you intend to travel by car, though making the journey by train is perfectly feasible.
The obvious place to stop on this fairly short journey (less than 3 hours) is Nuremberg
, where you should ideally allow at least one full day to explore the fascinating historical centre. Amberg
is definitely worth a short detour (or an overnight stop if you wish).
Exploring the Gothic Baroque Benedictine monastery complex at Kladruby
may also appeal.
You could alter (and slightly lengthen) your route to visit Wurzburg
en route to Nuremberg
has a lovely historical centre, an impressive Residenz
and a couple of excellent and historical weinstuebe: the Juliusspital
and the Burgerspital. There's also a very pleasant, signed walk through the town's hillside vineyards.By train:
will give you times, route info and fares in English. It will also show you intermediate stops. The route is not the same as that taken by car, though Nuremberg is included.